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Year: 2023-2024

St. Louis

Judges in St. Louis seem to have embraced their reputation for skirting both state law and U.S. Supreme Court precedent.


The “Golden State” is the plaintiffs’ bar’s laboratory for finding innovative new ways to expand liability through both the courts

Cook County

The prevalence of no-injury lawsuits in Cook County has propelled the county near the top of this year’s list. Litigation


Louisiana’s civil justice system continues to be plagued by the same problems as in years past. If the state wants


Georgia vaulted to the top of the Judicial Hellholes® report in 2022 thanks in large part to a massive $1.7

Lansing, Michigan

The capital of Michigan, home to the state’s high court and legislature, is a newcomer to the Judicial Hellholes® list

South Carolina Asbestos Litigation

South Carolina’s asbestos environment continues to erode following its initial appearance on the Judicial Hellholes® list in 2020. In the

New York City

New York City has long been known for its beautiful city skyline, and now it’s known for its sky-high verdicts

2023-2024 Executive Summary

The 2023-2024 Judicial Hellholes® report shines its brightest spotlight on nine jurisdictions that have earned reputations as Judicial Hellholes®. Some are known for allowing innovative lawsuits to proceed or for welcoming litigation tourism, and in all of them state leadership seems eager to expand civil liability at every given opportunity.

2019 Judicial Hellhole Report

Every year we shine a light on the worst of the worst. Since its inception in 2002, the American Tort Reform Foundation’s Judicial Hellholes® program has documented in annually published reports various abuses within the civil justice system, focusing primarily on jurisdictions where courts have been radically out of balance.

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