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Year: 2020-2021

2020-2021 Executive Summary

The 2020-2021 Judicial Hellholes report shines its brightest spotlight on nine jurisdictions that have earned reputations as Judicial Hellholes. Some are known for allowing innovative lawsuits to proceed or for welcoming litigation tourism, and in all of them state leadership seems eager to expand civil liability at every given opportunity.

New York City

Life in New York City came to a screeching halt in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The city was

The City of St. Louis, Missouri

The City of St. Louis Circuit Court is notorious for allowing blatant forum shopping and awarding excessive punitive damage awards.


Louisiana is long known for lawsuit abuse, especially New Orleans. Following the 2019 elections, the Bayou State was poised to


In a year when many states saw a significant decrease in litigation, California plaintiffs’ lawyers continued to target businesses, while


The “Gopher State” once again finds itself on the Judicial Hellholes list thanks to liability expanding deci- sions by the


The “Peach State” once again finds itself on the Judicial Hellholes list thanks to a continued rise in nuclear verdicts,

South Carolina Asbestos Litigation

South Carolina asbestos litigation was included on the Watch List in 2019, thanks to its reputation for pro-plaintiff rulings and

2019 Judicial Hellhole Report

Every year we shine a light on the worst of the worst. Since its inception in 2002, the American Tort Reform Foundation’s Judicial Hellholes® program has documented in annually published reports various abuses within the civil justice system, focusing primarily on jurisdictions where courts have been radically out of balance.

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